The political role of youth organizations in communist Yugoslavia

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  • Youth movements -- Yugoslavia.

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Statementby Stephen Sanford Anderson.
The Physical Object
Paginationxvii, 374 leaves.
Number of Pages374
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22093089M

Download The political role of youth organizations in communist Yugoslavia

Youth organizations have always played an important role in political regimes. After the takeover of power, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia ("KSČ") formed two Soviet-style youth organizations: the Pionýr (Pioneers, for youngsters eight to fifteen years old) and the Czechoslovak Union of Youth (ČSM, ages fifteen to twenty-five).

Both organizations were. The League of Communists of Yugoslavia, known until as the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, was the founding and ruling party of SFR was formed in as the main communist opposition party in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and after its initial successes in the elections, it was proscribed by the royal government and was at times Founded:Vukovar Congress in History International socialist youth organization before World War I.

After failed efforts to form an international association of socialist youth organizations in andin May a conference in Stuttgart, Germany convened to form the International Union of Socialist Youth Organisations (the Internationale Verbindung Sozialistischer Jugendorganisationen.

A communist party is a political party that seeks to realize the social and economic goals of communism through revolution and the establishment of a strong state. The term communist party was popularized by the title of The Manifesto of the Communist Party () by Karl Marx and Friedrich a vanguard party, the communist party guides the political education and.

The Communists succeeded in reestablishing re-opening for itself a way into public political life via the Independent Trade Unions and organizations like the Union of Workers' Youth of Yugoslavia and the Independent Workers' Party of Yugoslavia, which however won only 1% of the votes only and no seats in the parliamentary elections of March Tito's communist party in Yugoslavia had achieved international recognition at the end of WWII by every country in the West.

However, the Soviet Union had not immediately backed this communist party because Stalin had originally supported Draža Mihailović, one of Tito's competitors, and did not recognize the Partisan's role in fighting the Nazis until the end of the war.

YOUTH AND POLITICS IN COMMUNIST ROMANIA () by. Veronica Szabo. Bachelor of Arts, University of Bucharest, Masters’ of Arts, University of Pittsburgh, Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of. Kenneth P. Dietrich School of Arts and Science in partial fulfillment.

of the requirements for the degree of. Doctor of Philosophy. Message of support of the Communist Youth Organizations We denounce the violence, repression and the arrests of university students during the antiwar – anti-imperialist demonstration in Athens on April 16th. League of Communist Youth of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian: Savez komunističke omladine Jugoslavije, SKOJ), commonly known in English as the Young Communist League of Yugoslavia, or simply Communist Youth, was the youth wing of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia from to Although it was banned just two years after its establishment.

Basically no, Yugoslavia followed the same economic trajectory as the rest of the Communist bloc, despite nominally trying to take a market oriented approach towards Socialism. Yugoslavia basically tried to implement a version of "market socialism", theoretically, workers owned firms which would then compete on an open market.

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY), also known as SFR Yugoslavia or simply Yugoslavia, was a country located in Central and Southeastern Europe that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in amid the Yugoslav ng an area ofkm² (98, sq mi), the SFRY was bordered by the Adriatic.

The Eastern Bloc, also known as the Communist Bloc, the Socialist Bloc and the Soviet Bloc, was the group of communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, East Asia, and Southeast Asia under the hegemony of the Soviet Union (USSR) that existed during the Cold War (–) in opposition to the capitalist Western Western Europe, the term Eastern Bloc.

Revolutionary Communist Youth - Sweden. Communist Youth of Switzerland. Syrian Communist Youth Union – Khaled Bakdash Youth. Communist Youth of Turkey. Leninist Communist Youth Union of Ukraine. League of Young Communists USA.

Communist Youth of Venezuela Communist Youth Organizations that were not present at the Activity. With an irregular campaign and a secret ballot, on 11th of NovemberThe Communist Party, lead by Josip Broz Tito, won the elections in Yugoslavia, bringing communism as the new political regime.

This description sounds like the ideal representation of implementing the communist orthodoxy, however the alliance with mother URSS and Stalin started easily.

The Communist International (Comintern), known also as the Third International (–), was an international organization that advocated world Comintern resolved at its Second Congress to "struggle by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and the creation of an international Soviet republic as a.

which have decentralized political authority and control within Yugoslavia to an extent unequaled in any Communist society. Whether these forces will undermine centralism is now at issue in Yugoslav debate, and the outlook for post-Tito stability will not become clear for some time.

Nonetheless, Yugoslavia's character is in process of. In a unique experiment in international collaboration, two political scientists, one American and one Yugoslav, have produced a weighty textbook on Yugoslavia's institutions and how they work, complete with organization charts and the results of recent polls and surveys.

They discuss the respective (and often overlapping) roles of the League of Communists, the Socialist Alliance, Author: William G. Hyland. A.!Executivesummary!.

This!report!presents!information!on the!role!ofyouth!in!political!entities!and!youth!organizations!as. seen!from!the!perspective!of. 2 This chapter traces Catholic youth mobilization through two organizations, Hrvatski orlovski savez (the Croat Eagle Union, –) and its successor Krizărska organizacija (the Crusaders’ Organization, –).

3 The former was a Catholic gymnastic society banned by Yugoslavia’s King Aleksandar at the beginning of his dictatorship in Author: Sandra Prlenda. This predictably led to a dire neglect of social problems in various municipalities, so that local party and veterans’ organizations had very little insight into the economic difficulties and political frustrations of veterans and their families (Archive of Yugoslavia, Savezni SUBNOR,f.2, Govor Marsala Tita, OSnivacki kongres SUBNOR-a.

Inwhen the Yugoslav Communist Party (LCY) dissolved its monopoly of political power in Yugoslavia, the New York Times journalist Marlise Simmons quoted an unnamed delegate from the constituent Slovenian LCY who prophetically proclaimed that, “birth and death are two crucial moments in a life and both are taking place here at.

In this study we have attempted to analyze Tito's unique Communist system in some detail, and to place it in the perspective of its historical, geographic and cultural setting. There have been good studies of certain aspects of Yugoslavia's development, and scholars have published a wealth of definitive background data in other years.

"After the Revolution: Youth, Democracy, and the Politics of Disappointment in Serbia offers rare insight from an anthropological perspective into life in Serbia following the end in of Slobodan Milošević's rule for more than a decade These compelling glimpses into political life in higher educational institutions in Serbia.

Student Politics in Communist Poland tackles the topic of student political activity under a communist regime during the Cold War.

It discusses both the communist student organizations as well as oppositional, independent, and apolitical student activism during the forty-five-year period of Poland's existence as a Soviet satellite by: 5.

PATTERN FOR SOVIET YOUTH: A STUDY OF THE CONGRESSES OF THE KOMSOMOL. In this book, Fisher focuses on the importance of the fact that unlike other western youth organizations, the Komsomol played no role in policy-making. Despite this however, it still played an important role in training political leaders of the party.

Few figures have dominated a nation's destiny as much as Marshal Tito of former Yugoslavia. For nearly thirty years he held together mutually hostile religious groups in a deeply divided country, but his death in rekindled centuries-old hatreds and by Yugoslavia ceased to by: "After the Revolution: Youth, Democracy, and the Politics of Disappointment in Serbia offers rare insight from an anthropological perspective into life in Serbia following the end in of Slobodan Milošević's rule for more than a decade These compelling glimpses into political life in higher educational institutions in Serbia Reviews: 1.

The Christian Science Monitor is an international news organization that delivers thoughtful, global coverage via its website, weekly magazine, online daily edition, and email : Dijana Plestina.

The fruit of a landmark international collaboration, this book focuses on the final years of socialist Yugoslavia and on the beginning of the countrys breakup. With chapters devoted to each of erstwhile Yugoslavias six republics, the book also offers a unique blend of thematic essays on political, cultural, economic, environmental, religious.

First of all, and that is a well-established fact on Quora and otherwise, there was and there will probably never be a communist country. A clique of progressives proved most capable to mount a well-organized resistance to German occupation during.

League of Communists of Yugoslavia (LCY; Savez Komunista Jugoslavije), the communist party of Yugoslavia, founded in April at a congress in Belgrade as the Socialist Workers’ Party of Yugoslavia (Communist) through the unification of the Serbian Social Democratic Party, the Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Hercegovina, leftist socialists.

Yes. This is due originally to Tito and his supporters, who have made a enormous anti-Nazi resistance, and over time, could expel the Nazis, with the help of Yuguslavian Armed Forces united with the people, without any Soviet aid. Without any Nazi. rule the Balkans.

Yugoslavia’s breakup gave new meaning to the old notion of Balkanization. As communism collapsed, the strategies of the political actors in each of the Yugoslav republics were determined by specific elements of the na-tional question on the one hand, and the search for an exit from the communist system on the Size: KB.

Komsomol Organized in Banded together various youth organizations that had previously been involved in the Russian Revolution. New purpose was set in —to engage the members in health activities, sports, education, publishing activities, and various service and industrial projects.

of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, political youth organizations, their creation, development, and activity have not received adequate attention, with the exception of the Young Communist League of Yugoslavia (SKOJ), about which many papers 1 Although in the majority of program documents and newspapers HANAO is named Croatian Popular Youth.

the political transformation in Lithuania during the period To narrow down a very broad topic of democratic transition, she focuses on the role of political elites and specifically on youth political organizations.

Her study begins with justifications of chosen theoretical models and approaches on democratization and political elites. The Polish political scene can be analysed by reference to the role of cultural capital, as well as economic and social capitals, defined as the main resources of competing political camps.

While the role of cultural capital is undergoing a significant redefinition in contemporary Poland, it remains a basis of the crucial cleavage of the Polish Cited by: 7.

Steven L. Burg views Yugoslav politics since in terms of the communist leadership's efforts to preserve political cohesion in the face of powerfully divisive domestic conflicts. He examines the bases of those conflicts, their suppression with the establishment of communist power, and their reemergence and escalation into crisis during the late s and.

In Yugoslavia, Albania and very nearly Greece, it was the power of indigenous wartime resistance groups. Lecture 19 described the defeat and occupation of Yugoslavia and Greece, and some of the problems faced by their royal governments as they decided how to. As you see on P for instance, he was one of two speakers at a meeting of the Labor Youth Federation – previously known as the Young Communist League.

The other, as you see, was Fred Rose, an officer in G.R.U. (Soviet military intelligence), who later was convicted and sent to the penitentiary for Soviet espionage.

After the Communist Party in his nation lost power, Lech Walesa became the first freely elected leader of Poland Although the group known as Solidarity eventually obtained wide public support and political power power, it began as simply an organization of.years of communist struggle in Spain — Statement by the Political Bureau of the PCTE deepened our role in the International Communist Review, the European Initiative of Communist and Workers’ Parties and the International Meeting of Communist and Workers’ Parties, at the same time that we have developed our bilateral relations.

Common Announcement of Communist Youth Organization’s on the Developments in Ukraine The developments in Ukraine are particularly crucial and dangerous, first of all for the people and the youth of the country, who are being transformed again into victims of the intense antagonisms between the USA-EU and Russia, for the control of .

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